SPOT THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN
THE ALASKAN MALAMUTE & SIBERIAN HUSKY
Alaskan Malamute is the native Alaskan Arctic breed, cousin to the Samoyed of
Russia, Siberian Husky of the Kolyma River Region and the Eskimo dogs of
It is not uncommon for most people to confuse these two most common Nordic
breeds with each other.
Heavily boned, powerfully built, not too compact and never
appearing short on the leg.
dog capable of surviving in Arctic temperatures and of
pulling heavy loads at steady speeds.
Affectionate, friendly, loyal, devoted companion but not a
‘one man’ dog, playful on invitation, generally impressive
by his dignity after maturity but tends to show aggression
to other dogs.
Medium size, moderate bone.
Performs his original function in harness most capably,
carrying a light load at a moderate speed over great
distances. His body proportions and form reflect this basic
balance of power, speed and endurance.
Keen, friendly and gentle, interested and even mischievous.
but also alert and outgoing. He does not display the
possessive qualities of the guard dog, nor is he overly
suspicious of strangers or aggressive with other dogs.
Agreeable companion and willing worker.
HEAD AND SKULL
Head broad, powerful, not coarse, in
proportion to size of dog. Skull broad between ears,
gradually narrowing to eyes, moderately rounded between
ears, flattening on top as it approaches eye, rounding off
to moderately flat cheeks. Very slight but perceptible stop.
Muzzle large in proportion to size of skull, scarcely
diminishing in width or depth from stop. Nose black except
red and white dogs when it is brown. Pink streaked ‘snow
medium size and in proportion to the body; slightly rounded
on top and tapering from the widest point to the eyes.
Brown, almond-shaped, moderately large,
set obliquely. Dark eyes preferred, except in red and white
dogs where light eyes are permissible. Blue eyes highly
Almond shaped, moderately spaced and set a trifle obliquely.
Eyes may be brown or blue in colour; one of each or
particoloured are acceptable.
EARS, MOUTH & NECK
Small in proportion to head. Triangular in
shape, slightly rounded at tips, set wide apart, at back of
skull. Ears forward when erect. When dog is working
sometimes folded against skull.
Upper and lower jaws broad with large
teeth, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite
i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set
square to the jaws.
Neck is strong and moderately arched.
medium size, triangular in shape, close fitting and set high
on the head. They are thick, well furred, slightly arched at
the back, and strongly erect, with slightly rounded tips
pointing straight up.
in gray, tan or black dogs; liver in copper dogs; may be
flesh- coloured in pure white dogs. The pink-streaked ‘snow
nose’ is acceptable.
well pigmented and close fitting.
in a scissors bite.
Neck is medium
in length, arched and carried proudly.
FOREQUARTERS, BODY & HINDQUARTERS
Shoulders moderately sloping; forelegs
heavily boned and well muscled, straight as far as pasterns
which are short, strong and almost vertical viewed from
Body strong and powerfully built, chest
strong and deep; back straight but not level, sloping
slightly downwards from shoulder to croup. Loins well
muscled, never so short as to interfere with movement. No
Hind legs broad and powerfully muscled
through thighs; stifles moderately bent, hock joints broad
and strong, moderately bent and well let down. Viewed from
behind, hind legs vertical, standing and moving true, in
line with movement of front legs. Legs indicate tremendous
propelling power. Dewclaws on hind legs undesirable.
shoulder blade is well laid back. The upper arm angles
slightly backward from point of shoulder to elbow and is
never perpendicular to the ground. Bone is substantial but
deep and strong chest but not too broad, with the deepest
point being just behind and level with the elbows. The back
is straight and strong, with a level topline from withers to
croup. It is of medium length, neither cobby nor slack from
excessive length. The loin is taut and lean, narrower than
the rib cage, and with a slight tuck-up.
standing and viewed from the rear, the hind legs are
moderately spaced and parallel. The upper thighs are well
muscled and powerful, the stifles well bent, the hock joint
well-defined and set low to the ground. Dewclaws, if any,
are to be removed.
FEET, TAIL & GAIT/MOVEMENT
Feet is large and compact, toes close,
well arched, pads thick and tough, toenails short and
strong. Protective growth of hair between toes.
Tail is moderately high set, following
line of spine at start then curving gently upwards. At rest
may hang straight down. Well furred and carried over back
when dog is working, not tightly curled to rest on back, nor
short furred and carried like a fox brush, but giving
appearance of a waving plume.
Single tracking at trot is normal but
movement not too wide or too close at any gait. Easy,
tireless, rhythmic movement, produced by powerful drive from
in shape but not long. The paws are medium in size, compact
and well furred between the toes and pads. The pads are
tough and thickly cushioned. The paws neither turn in nor
out when the dog is in natural stance.
well furred tail of fox-brush shape, is set on just below
the level of the top-line, and is usually carried over the
back in a graceful sickle curve when the dog is at
attention. When carried up, the tail does not curl to either
side of the body, nor does it snap flat against the back.
Hair on the tail is of medium length and approximately the
same length on top, sides and bottom, giving the appearance
of a round brush.
Siberian Husky’s characteristic gait is smooth and seemingly
effortless. He is quick and light on his feet, exhibiting
good reach in the forequarters and good drive in the
COAT & COLOUR
Thick, coarse guard coat, not long and
soft. Dense undercoat, from 2.5-5 cms (1-2 ins) in depth,
oily and woolly. Coarse guard coat stands out, with thick
fur around neck. Guard coat varies in length as does
undercoat but, in general, coat of medium length along sides
of body, increasing somewhat around shoulders and neck, down
back and over croup, as well as in breeching and plume.
Range is from light grey through
intermediate shadings to black, or from gold through shades
of red to liver, always with white on underbody, parts of
legs, feet and part of mask markings. Markings either
cap-like or mask-like on face. Combination of cap and mask
not unusual. White blaze on forehead, white collar, or spot
on nape permissible. Heavy mantling of unbroken colour
acceptable. Only solid colour permissible is all white.
The coat of the Siberian Husky is double
and medium in length, giving a well furred appearance but is
never so long as to obscure the clean cut outline of the
dog. The under coat is soft and dense and of sufficient
length to support the outer coat. The guard hairs of the
outer coat are straight and somewhat smooth lying, never
harsh nor standing straight off from the body.
All colours from black to pure white are
allowed. A variety of markings on the head is common,
including many striking patterns not found in other breeds.
Height : Dogs : 64 - 71 cms (25 - 28 ins)Bitches : 58 -
66 cms (23 - 26 ins).Weight : Between 38 - 56 kgs (85
- 125 lbs), size consideration not to outweigh type.
:Dogs : 21-23_
ins.(53-60cm.)at the withers Bitches : 20-22 ins. (51-56cm.)
at the withers
Dogs :45-60 lbs. (20-26.5 kg) Bitches : 35-50 lbs. (16-23
kg) Weight is in proportion to height.
departure from the foregoing points should be considered a
fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be
regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
Broken colour extending over body in spots or uneven
clumsy or heavy; head too finely chiseled. Insufficient
stop. Eyes set too obliquely; set too close together. Ears
too large in proportion to the head; too wide set; not
strongly erect. Muzzle either too snippy or too coarse;
muzzle too short or too long. Any bite other than scissors.
Neck too short and thick; neck too long. Chest too broad;
‘barrel ribs’; too flat or weak. Weak or slack back; roached
back; sloping top-line. A snapped or tightly curled tail;
highly plumed tail; tail set too low or too high. Straight
shoulders; loose shoulders. Soft or splayed toes; paws too
large and clumsy; paws too small and delicate; toeing in or
out. Weak pasterns; too heavy bone; too narrow or too wide
in the front; out at the elbows. Straight stifles;
cow-hocks, too narrow or too wide in the rear. Long, rough
or shaggy coat, textured too harsh or too silky; trimming of
the coat, except as permitted above. Short, prancing or
choppy gait, lumbering or rolling gait; crossing or
crabbing. Any appearance of excessive bone or weight should
animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.
animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully
descended into the scrotum.
over 23_ ins. (60 cm) and bitches over 22 ins. (56 cm).